Canada’s Islands and their National Historic Sites

Canada’s Islands and their National Historic Sites

ARCTIC

Baffin Island

Cultural Heritage
Inuksuk, Enukso Point

Inuit site featuring a hundred stone mounds
Designated in 1969; a plaque was dedicated in 1984

 

Beechy Island

Historical Heritage
Beechy Island Sites

Sites linked to the Arctic exploration of the 19th century
Designated in 1993 

Blacklead Island

Economic Heritage
Blacklead Island whaling post, Blacklead Island

First Nation and European whaling post
Designated in 1985

Devon Island

Canada’s First Inhabitants
Refuge Port, Refuge Port

Period of occupation dating back to pre-European contact; began with Norwegian colonies
Designated in 1978

Igloolik Island

Canada’s First Inhabitants
Igloolik Island Archaeological Site, Igloolik Island

Site reveals continuous occupation from 2000 B.C. to 1000 A.D.
Designated in 1978

 

Kekerten Island

Economic Heritage
Kekerten Island whaling post, Kekerten Island

First Nations and European whaling post
Designated in 1985


King William Island

Historical Heritage
Erebus and Terror, Erebus Bay, King William Island

Ships of the last Franklin expedition
Designated in 1992
 

Kodlunarn Island

Historical Heritage
Kodlunarn Island

Martin Frobisher’s home and foundry (1576-1578), Kodlunarn Island
Designated in 1964


Sentry Island

Canada’s First Inhabitants
Arvia’juaq and Qikiqtaarjuk, Quikitarjuak, Sentry Island

Inuit summer campsite; noted for its rich history and in situ resources
Designated in 1995; a plaque was dedicated in 2000

ARCTIC (Northwest Territories)

Melville Island

Historical Heritage
Parry’s Rock winter campsite, Winter Harbour, Melville Island

Winter campsite of the William Parry expedition during his search for the Northwest Passage in 1819
Designated in 1930; a plaque was dedicated in 1909


ATLANTIC
 
Prince Edward Island

Architectural Heritage
St. Dunstan’s Basilica, Charlottetown

Stands as a beautiful example of the high Victorian gothic style of the Victorian apogee, 1897-1907
Designated in 1990; a plaque was dedicated in 1996

Confederation Centre of the Arts, Charlottetown

National Centre dedicated to the performing arts and remarkable example of brutalist architecture in Canada
Designated in 2003

 All Souls Chapel, Charlottetown

Remarkable neo-gothic chapel of the Victorian apogee; noted for its murals (1888)
Designated in 1990; a plaque was dedicated in 1994

Dundas Terrace, Charlottetown

Neo-Queen Anne style residential building built in 1889
Designated in 1990

Tryon United Church, Tryon

Stands as a beautiful example of the neo-gothic of the Victorian apogee, 1881
Designated in 1990; a plaque was dedicated in 1992

Fairholm, Charlottetown

Picturesque Villa dating from 1839
Designated in 1992; a plaque was dedicated in 1993

 Kensington Prince Edward Island Railway Station, Kensington

Stone station built in 1904; a beautiful example of picturesque architecture
Designated in 1976; a plaque was dedicated in 1983

Dalvay-by-the-Sea Hotel , Prince Edward Island National Park of Canada

Neo-Queen Anne summer resort hotel built between 1896 and 1899
Designated in 1990; a plaque was dedicated in 1994

Governor’s Hotel, St. John’s

Neoclassical style building; served as a residence to the King’s representative Designated in 1971; a plaque was dedicated in 1973

St. John Courthouse

Neo-roman sandstone courthouse (1900-1904)
Designated in 1980; a plaque was dedicated in 1988

Economic Heritage
Apothécaris Hall, Charlottetown

Site of a notorious 19th century pharmacy
Designated in 1969; a plaque was dedicated in 1970

Farmers’ Bank of Rustico, South Rustico

One of Canada’s first credit unions, established in 1864
Designated in 1959/70; a plaque was dedicated in 1971

Roma à Trois-Rivières, Brudenell Point

Site of an Acadian fishing and trading post from 1732 to 1745
Designated in 1933; a plaque was dedicated in 1936

Historical Heritage
Great George Street, Charlottetown

19th century streetscape linked to the birth of Confederation
Designated in 1990; a plaque was dedicated in 1992.

Port-la-Joye-Fort-Amherst, Rocky Point

Remains of a British fort and a French fort
Designated in 1958

Province House, Charlottetown

Neoclassical building where the accord leading to the British North America Act was signed
Designated in 1966; a plaque was dedicated in 1983

Strathgartney Homestead, Bonshaw

This site stands as a reminder of the land regime that dominated political and social life on PEI for over a century
Designated in 1996; a plaque was dedicated in 2000

Institutional Heritage
Old Post Office, Summerside

Building which stands as a symbol of the Federal presence in Canada (1883-1887)
Designated in 1983; a plaque was dedicated in 1986

Ardgowan, Charlottetown

House built around 1850 and home to William Henry Pope, Father of Confederation
Designated in 1966; a plaque was dedicated in 1982

Charlottetown City Hall, Charlottetown

Prince Edward Island ’s oldest town hall built in 1888
Designated in 1984; a plaque was dedicated in 1988

Governor’s Hotel, Charlottetown

Residence of the king’s representative; neoclassical style building
Designated in 1971; a plaque was dedicated in 1973

Alberton Courthouse, Alberton

Courthouse built in 1877
Designated in 1980; a plaque was dedicated in 1986

New Brunswick

Beaubears Island

Archaeological Heritage
Beaubears Island Ship Building, Beaubears Island

Archaeological site associated with ship building in the 19th century
Designated in 2001

Historical Heritage
Boishébert, Beaubears Island

Acadian refugee colony (1756-1759)
Designated in 1930; a plaque was dedicated in 1931

Grand Manan Island

Economic Heritage
Seal Cove herring smoking huts, Seal Cove, Grand Manan

Herring smoking huts and related structures linked to the herring fishery at the end of the 19th century
Designated in 1995; a plaque was dedicated in 1997

 

Ile de La Vallière

Institutional Heritage
Ile de La Vallière, Aulac

Acadian capital from 1678 to 1684
Designated in 1925; a plaque was dedicated in 1927

 

Minister’s Island

Architectural Heritage
Minister’s Island

Cultural landscape; seasonal estate built at the end of the 19th century by Sir William Van Horne
Designated in 1996

 

Miscou Island

Architectural Heritage
Miscou Island Lighthouse

Octagonal shape, colonial lighthouse of Chaleurs Bay
Designated in 1974; a plaque was dedicated in 1977

  

Partridge Island

Historical Heritage
Partridge Island Quarantine Station, Saint John

Established in 1830 to prevent the propagation of smallpox
Designated in 1974; a plaque was dedicated in 1987

 Nova Scotia

Cape Breton Island

Economic Heritage
Alexander-Graham-Bell, Baddeck

In recognition of the famous inventor
Designated in 1952; a plaque was dedicated in 1958/1978

St. Peters Canal, St. Peters

Navigational canal; build in the 19th century
Designated in 1929; a plaque was dedicated in 1931

Marconi, Table Head

Site of the first radiotelegraph station in Canada
Designated in 1985

Nova Scotia Coal Fields, Sydney

Remnants and resources associated with the coal industry
Designated in 1997

Historical Heritage

Wolfe’s landing, Kennington Cove

The landing that lead to the take over of Louisbourg in 1758
Designated in 1929; a plaque was dedicated in 1930

Louisbourg Fortress, Louisbourg

Reconstruction of an 18th century French Fortress
Designated in 1920; a plaque was dedicated in 1925

Sainte-Anne/Port Dauphin, Englistown

Structure preceding Louisbourg
Designated in 1929; a plaque was dedicated in 1930

St. Peters , St. Peters

Trading post and French fort, 1650-1758
Designated in 1929; a plaque was dedicated in 1931

Marconi Radiotelegraph Tower, Port Morien

First public station to insure regular intercontinental radiotelegraphy
Designated in 1983

Ile Chapel

Canada ’s First Inhabitants
Ile Chapel, Chapel Island

An important Mi’kmaq meeting site, also a site for government and spiritual site
Designated in 2003

Georges Island

Historical Heritage
Georges Island, Halifax

Defence structure built in the Halifax Harbour, including Fort Charlotte Designated in 1965

 Grassy Island

Historical Heritage
Grassy Island Fort

18th century British fishing centre; ruins of fortifications dating back to the 18th century
Designated in 1962

 

McNab Island

Historical Heritage
Fort McNab, Halifax

Fort built in 1889 to defend the Halifax harbour
Designated in 1965


Canso
Islands

Economic Heritage
Canso Islands , Canso

Fishing site from the 16 th century to the 18 th century
Designated in 1925; a plaque was dedicated in 1928

Sambro Island

Historical Heritage
Sambro Island Lighthouse

Canada’s oldest Canada dating back to 1758
Designated in 1937; a plaque was dedicated in 1939

 

Newfoundland

Archeological Heritage
Indian Point, Red Indian Lake

Documented Beothuk site
Designated in 1978

L’Anse aux Meadows, St. Anthony

A unique Viking site; several archaeological proofs have been found in North America
Designated in 1968; a plaque was dedicated in 1985

Okak, Okak

Archaeological site where vestiges of several cultures have been found
Designated in 1978

Port au Choix, Port au Choix

Ancient burial site and site of pre-European contact occupation
Designated in 1970

Red Bay, Red Bay

16th century, Basque whaling port; Saddle Island is one the best conserved site of archaeological vestiges
Designated in 1979; a plaque was dedicated in 1989

Beothuk Site, Boyd’s Cove

Important archaeological site for Beothuk history
Designated in 1995; a plaque was dedicated in 1999

l’Anse-Amour Funerary site, L’Anse-Amour

Funerary site and symbols of ancient maritime culture
Designated in 1978; a plaque was dedicated in 1989

Architectural Heritage
Bank of British North America, St. John’s

Stands as a beautiful example of Italian style, 1848-1850
Designated in 1991; a plaque was dedicated in 2001

Old Carbonear Station ( Newfoundland Railway), Carbonear

Building which stands as a reminder of Newfoundland rail system (1917)
Designated in 1988; a plaque was dedicated in 2000

Rennie’s Mill Road, St. John’s

Stands as a Beautiful example of a 19th century residential street
Designated in 1987; a plaque was dedicated in 1989

St. John the Baptist Catholic Basilica, St. John’s

Roman Catholic Basilica dating back to 1841; it stands as a symbol of the influence of the Catholic Church in Newfoundland (1841-55)
Designated in 1983; a plaque was dedicated in 1984

St. John the Baptist Anglican Cathedral, St. John’s

Remarkable example of the neo-gothic style, 1847; an example of architect G. G. Scott’s work
Designated in 1979; a plaque was dedicated in 1981

Christ Church/Quidi Vidi Church, St. John’s

Old church; stands as an example of the architecture of Newfoundland’s isolated villages of the 19th century
Designated in 1966; a plaque was dedicated in 1976

Cottage Mallard, St. John’s

Vernacular building built by Irish immigrants between 1820 and 1840
Designated in 1983

Hawthorne Cottage, Brigus

Picturesque cottage; Captain Bob Bartlett’s residence from 1875 to 1946
Designated in 1979; a plaque was dedicated in 1982

St. Patrick’s Catholic Church, St. John’s

Large, neo-gothic church built between 1864 and 1881
Designated in 1990

Grates Cove walls landscape, Grates Cove

Pastures and gardens surrounded by stone walls; a reminder of the sense of community typical of Newfoundland

Winterholme, St. John’s

Neo-Queen Anne style manor built in 1905
Designated in 1991; a plaque was dedicated in 1999

Economic Heritage
Newfoundland Railway Head Office, St. John’s

The administrative office and terminal of Newfoundland’s rail system (1903)
Designated in 1988; a plaque was dedicated in 1994

Water Street District, St. John’s

This district was St. John’s commercial hub in the mid-19th century
Designated in 1987; a plaque was dedicated in 1989

Battle Harbour Historic District, Battle harbour

District which stands as a reminder of small isolated fishing outports of Newfoundland and Labrador in the 19th century and at the beginning of the 20 th century
Designated in 1996; a plaque was dedicated in 1999

Port Union Historic Arrondissement, Port Union

City built and administered by a union
Designated in 1998; a plaque was dedicated in 2000

Murray buildings, St. John’s

Commercial waterfront building of the mid-19 th century
Designated in 1976; a plaque was dedicated in 1980

Fleur de Lys Soapstone Quarry, Baie Verte

Dorset Inuit stone extraction site
Designated in 1982; a plaque was dedicated in 1996

Ryan Buildings, Bonavista

Group of buildings linked to the establishment of fishing industry on the east coast
Designated in 1987

Historical Heritage
Cape Spear, Cape Spear

The oldest fort to have survived on Newfoundland (1836)
Designated in 1962; a plaque was dedicated in 1983

 Castle Hill, Placentia

French and British fortifications of the 17th and 18th century
Designated in 1951; a plaque was dedicated in 1973

Avalon Colony, Ferryland

Site of the first English colony in Canada, dating back to 1621
Designated in 1953; a plaque was dedicated in 1969

Second World War Coastal Defence, St. John’s

Point of assembly and shelter for convoys during the War World II; this area was known as the rampart of the Atlantic
Designated in 1993; a plaque was dedicated in 1999

Fort Amherst , St, John’s

Site of the of the 1777 fortifications in the St. John’s harbour
Designated in 1951; a plaque was dedicated in 1970

Fort Townshend, St. John’s

Headquarters of the Newfoundland Garrison from 1779 to 1871
Designated in 1951; a plaque was dedicated in 1953

Fort William, St. John’s

Headquarters of the Newfoundland Garrison from 1618 to 1779
Designated in 1952; a plaque was dedicated in 1953

Harbour Grace Courthouse, Harbour Grace

The oldest courthouse in Newfoundland dating back to 1830
Designated in 1966; a plaque was dedicated in 1981

Cape Pine Lighthouse

Old cylindrical, cast iron lighthouse built in 1851
Designated in 1974; a plaque was dedicated in 1977

Cape Race Lighthouse

Lighthouse built on a strategic location for nearby maritime routes
Designated in 1974; a plaque was dedicated in 1977

St. Thomas Parsonage/Attendant’s house and garden, St. John’s

Residence and military depot built in 1818
Designated in 1968; a plaque was dedicated in 1978

Signal Hill, St. John’s

A reminder of the role of Signal Hill in St. John’s protection; the site is also home to the Cabot tower
Designated in 1951; a plaque was dedicated in 1961

 

St. Lawrence River and Basin ( Quebec)

 
Grosse-Ile

Historical Heritage
Grosse Ile and the Irish Memorial

Quarantine station for all new immigrants from 1832 to 1937
Designated in 1974; a plaque was dedicated in 1980/1998
 

 Ile aux Basques

Historical Heritage
Ile aux Basques

Was home to the highest concentration of French Basques settlements in the St. Lawrence estuary for the period of 1584 to 1637
Designated in 2000

 

  Ile Jesus ( Montreal Archipelago)

Patrimoine institutionnel
Saint-Vincent-de-Paul Penitentiary

Important Federal prison founded in 1873
Designated in 1990

 

Island of Montreal ( Montreal archipelago)

Architectural Heritage
The Old Customs Building of Montreal, Montreal

An exceptional example of John Ostell’s Palladian architecture, 1836-1838
Designated in 1997; a plaque was dedicated in 2002

Marlborough Apartments, Montreal

Neo-Queen Anne style residential building built in 1900
Designated in 1990

Senneville historic District, Montreal

Stands as an example of the architecture and design of the 19th and 20th century
Designated in 2001

Bank of Montreal, Montreal

Sandstone building of neo-Queen Anne style built in 1894
Designated in 1990

St. Patrick Basilica, Montreal

Church of French neo-gothic architecture attended by Montreal’s Irish population, 1843-1847
Designated in 1990; a plaque was dedicatedion 1998

Christ Church Cathedral, Montreal

Neo-gothic Cathedral (1857-1860)
Designated in 1999

Marie-Reine-du-Monde Cathedral, Montreal

Stands as a reminder of Rome’s Saint Peter’s Basilica; important symbol of the ultramontain movement in Canada (1870-1894)
Designated in 1999

Mont-Royal Cemetery, Montreal

Cemetery founded in 1852, of exceptional design and cost (rural style)
Designated in 1998; a plaque was dedicated in 2002

Notre-Dame-des-Neiges Cemetery, Montreal

Design inspired by the French and American models of the 19th century design; displays a great variety of funerary monuments
Designated in 1998

Wilson Chambers Building, Montreal

Commercial building built of stone in a neo-gothic style in 1868
Designated in 1990

St. George Anglican Church, Montreal

Beautiful neo-gothic, stone church built in 1869-1870
Designated in 1990; a plaque was dedicated in 1997

Notre-Dame Catholic Church/Notre-Dame Basilica, Montreal

One of the first neo-gothic churches (1823-1829) and one of Montreal’s monuments
Designated in 1989

Erskine and American Church ( United Church temple), Montreal

Great neo-roman church accented with Tiffany stain glass (1893-1894)
Designated in 1998

Saint-Léon de Westmount Church, Montreal

Decorated with traditional frescos; Guido Nincheri (1901-1903)
Designated in 1997; a plaque dedicated in 1999

St. James United Church, Montreal

Church accented with Victorian decor in its large amphitheatre; Sunday school inspired by the Akron plan (1887-1888)
Designated in 1996; a plaque was dedicated in 2000

Canadian Pacific Windsor Station, Montreal

Majestic neo-roman style building serving both as a terminal and an office building (1888-1889)
Designated in 1975; a plaque was dedicated in 1998

Grey Sisters Hospital, Montreal

Hospital rebuilt in 1765 by Mother Marguerite d’Youville
Designated in 1973; a plaque was dedicated in 1983

Montreal Town hall, Montreal

First town hall to be used as such as its sole purpose; Second Empire style building (1872-18)
Designated in 1984

Saint-Sulpice Seminary Gardens, Montreal

One of Canada’s old gardens to have survived to this day (circa 1650)
Designated in 1980

Cartier House, Montreal

Building constructed in 1812-1813; an example of the urban architecture of the time
Designated in 1982

George-Stephen House/Mount Stephen Club, Montreal

Renaissance style house, the construction of which began in 1880
Designated in 1971; a plaque was dedicated in 1982

Van-Horne House/Shaughnessy, Montreal

Large Second Empire style home built in 1874
Designated in 1973; a plaque was dedicated in 1990

Masonic Memorial Temple, Montreal

Temple which stands as a very refined example of the end of the classic Beaux-Arts style; a allegorical representation the enlightened ideas of the Free Masons
Designated in 2001

National Monument, Montreal

Cultural property of the Société Saint-Jean-Baptiste, 1893
Designated in 1885; a plaque was dedicated in 1998

H.-Vincent-Meredith Residence, Montreal

Lovely neo-Queen Anne style home dedicated in 1896
Designated in 1990

Sir-George-Étienne Cartier House, Montreal

Townhouse built in 1830; it was the residence of the brilliant 19 th century politician
Designated in 1964; a plaque was dedicated in 1980

Outremont Theatre, Montreal

Luxurious cinema of the 1920s; Art Deco style and ambiance
Designated in 1993

Rialto Theatre, Monteal

Traditional Beaux-Arts style theatre of exceptional interest
Designated in 1993

Trafalgar Lodge, Montreal

Neo-gothic style villa, built in 1848, Montreal
Designated in 1990

Cultural Heritage
St. George Orthodox Church, Montreal

Stands as a symbol of the culture and traditions of the Syrian orthodox community in Canada (1939-1940)
Designated in 1999; a plaque was dedicated in 2001

 Notre-Dame-de-la-Défense Church, Montreal

Sanctuary to the largest Italian community in Canada
Designated in 2002

 Montreal Forum, Montreal

Stands as a symbol of the importance of hockey in Quebec’s national culture; closely tied to the Montreal Canadians.
Designated in 1997

La Main, Montreal

Historical sector that stands as a reminder of the growth of Montreal’s cultural communities; retains close to ties to immigration
Désignation en 1996 et plaque en 2002

Economic Heritage
Lachine Canal, Montreal

Navigational canal with 5 locks, bridges and rail bridges
Designated in 1929; a plaque was dedicated in 1931/2002

Fur Trade, Lachine

A very important industry in shaping Canada’s history
Designated in 1968

Lachine Canal Manufacturing Complex, Montreal

Manufacturing and industrial complex from 1880 to1940; the complex included 12 manufacturing groups, totalling 41 buildings
Designated in 1996

LeBer LeMoyne House, Lachine

The oldest buildings linked to Charles LeMoyne and to the fur trade during the French regime
Designated in 2002

Merchants Textile Factory, Montreal

Cotton mill built in 1882
Designated in 1989

Historic Heritage
Rivière-des-Prairies Battle/Grou Battle, Montreal

Site where French and English fought in 1690
Designated in 1924; a plaque was dedicated in 1925

Lac-des-Deux-Montagnes Battle, Montreal

Site where the French defeated the Iroquois in 1689
Designated in 1925; a plaque was dedicated in 1928/1972

Berceau de Montréal, Montreal

The founding of Ville-Marie (now Montreal) in 1642 by the Sieur de Maisonneuve
Designated in 1924; a plaque was dedicated in 1926/1999

Hochelaga, Montreal

Iroquois village to which Jacques Cartier travelled in 1535
Designated in 1924; a plaque was dedicated in 1925

Sulpiciens Towers/Fort de la Montagne, Montréal

Towers dating back to the end of the 17th century; at one time a fort
Designated in 1970

Institutional Heritage
De Ramezay Castle/Maison des Indes, Montreal

Building built in 1705 for Claude de Ramezay, Governor of Montreal
Designated in 1949; a plaque was dedicated in 1974

Bonsecours Market, Montreal

Remarkable public building of the19th century, built on the waterfront ( Old Port)
Désignation en 1984

Monklands/Villa Maria Convent, Montreal

Palladian style house, home to Governor, built in 1794-1803
Designated in 1951; a plaque was dedicated in 1954

Society and Community Heritage
Hershey Pavilion, Montreal

Nurses’ residence; played an important role in nursing culture
Designated in 1997

Mailloux Pavilion, Montreal

Nurses’ residence; played an important role in nursing culture
Designated in 1997

 

Ile d’Orléans

Historical Heritage
Mauvide-Genest Manor, Saint-Jean d’Orléans

Remarkable Seigniorial manor built in the mid 18th century (1734)
Designated in 1993

Seigneurie de l’île d’Orléans, Saint-Jean d’Orléans

Manor built at the beginning of the French regime; an excellent example of seigneuries
Designated in 1990

 

Perrot Island (Montreal Archipelago)

Economic Heritage
Stone Mill and Home, Notre-Dame-de-l’île-Perrot

An exceptional group of home and industrial buildings dating back to the 18 th century
Designated in 1969

 

 Ile Verte

Historical Heritage
Ile Verte Lighthouse, Ile Verte

Tower built in 1809; first lighthouse to be built on the St. Lawrence River Designated in 1974; a plaque was dedicated in 1976

 

 St. Lawrence Islands (National Park)

Historic Heritage
Cathart Tower, St. Lawrence Islands National Park

Stone fortification of the British Empire; built in the mid 19th century
Designated in 1989

 

GREAT LAKES

Bois Blanc Island

Historic Heritage
Bois Blanc Island Blockhaus

Wooden Blockhaus built in 1839 following the Rebellion of 1837
Designated in 1961

 

 Cairn Island

Historic Heritage
Cairn-de-Glengarry

Conical stone monument dedicated to the regiments of Glengarry and Argyle (1840)
Designated in 1921

 

Chimney Island

Historical Heritage
Bridge Island/Chimney Island

Naval base in the War of 1812
Designated in 1936; a plaque was dedicated in 1937

 

Christian Island

Society and Community Heritage
Sainte-Maire Fort II, Christian Island

Huron Jesuit mission (1649-1650)
Designated in 1920; a plaque was dedicated in 1923

 

Royal Island (Chimney)

Historical Heritage
Levis Fort, Johnstown

Conical stone monument dedicated to the Glengarry and Argyle (1840)
Designated in 1921

 

Manitoulin Island

Economic Heritage
Sheguiandah

Site of a pre-European contact quarry
Designated in 1954

 

St. Joseph Island

Historical Heritage
St. Joseph Fort, Christian Island

British military post on the western front during the War of 1812
Designated in 1923; a plaque was dedicated in 1928

 

Wolfe Island

Architectural Heritage
Wolfe Island Townhouse, Wolfe Island

Rural townhouse built in 1856; Italian style construction
Designated in 1984; a plaque was dedicated in 1992

 

PACIFIC

Pike Island

Canada’s First Inhabitants
Metlakatla Passage, Pike Island

Site of theTsimshian Indian winter villages
Designated in 1972

 

Vancouver Island

Architectural Heritage
223, Robert Street, Victoria

Neo-Queen style residence (1905)
Designated in 1990

St. Ann Academy, Victoria

19th century girls’ private school
Designated in 1989; a plaque was dedicated in 1999

The old Victoria Courthouse, Victoria

First courthouse built in British Columbia; eclectic architecture

St. Andrew’s Catholic Cathedral

Lovely example of high Victorian gothic style of the Victorian apogee (1892)
Designated in 1990; a plaque was dedicated in 1992

Church of Our Lord, Victoria

Lovely example of the Carpenter neo-gothic style of the west coast
Designated in 1990; a plaque was dedicated in 1998

Craigdarroch, Victoria

Large noble sandstone home belonging to James Dunsmuir (1887-1890)
Designated in 1992; a plaque was dedicated in 1999

Estate of British Columbia’s Lieutenant Governor, Victoria

Cultural landscape and residence of provincial Governors and Lieutenant Governors
Designated in 2002

Malahat Building and Victoria’s Old Customs Building, Victoria

Victoria’s first customs building (1873-1876)
Designated in 1987

Rogers Building, Victoria

Neo-Queen Anne style building, home to Rogers’ Chocolates (1903)
Designated in 1991; a plaque was dedicated in 1996

Hatley Park/Royal Roads Military College, Colwood

Beautiful Canadian example of an Edwardian park; beautifully conserved gardens
Designated in 1995; a plaque was dedicated in 2000

Victoria Town Hall, Victoria

The oldest town hall in the western Canada; Second Empire style (1878-1890)
Designated in 1977; a plaque was dedicated in 1979

Empress Hotel, Victoria

Famous castle-style hotel built by the Rail society (1904-1908)
Designated in 1980; a plaque was dedicated in 1985

Pointe Ellice House/O’Reilly House, Victoria

Old picturesque house and gardens (1861)
Designated in 1966; a plaque was dedicated in 1991

Craigflower Manor , Victoria

Lovely example of a residence having belonged to the agricultural colonisation company
Designated in 1964; a plaque was dedicated in 1972/89

Cultural Heritage
Emily-Carr House, Victoria

Natal home of Emily Carr; old west coast Italian home (1863-1864)
Designated in 1964

Emanuel congregation Synagogue, Victoria

Canada ’s oldest synagogue; dates back to 1863
Designated in 1979; a plaque was dedicated in 1983

Royal Theatre , Victoria

Variety theatre of classical inspiration
Designated in 1987; a plaque was dedicated in 1990

Economic Heritage
Fort Victoria, Victoria

Site of a trading post established by the Hudson Bay Company in 1843
Designated in 1924; a plaque was dedicated in 1952

Mclean Mill, Port Alberni

Group of buildings and sawmill tools (1926-1927)
Designated in 1989; a plaque was dedicated in 2001

Fisgard Lighthouse, Colwood

First permanent lighthouse to be built on the west coast (1859-1860)
Designated in 1961; a plaque was dedicated in 1982

Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway Building, Victoria

Old railway building of the west coast (1913)
Designated in 1992; a plaque was dedicated in 2000

Historic Heritage
Fort Rodd Hill, Colwood

Fort built at the end of the 19th century to ensure the defence of Victoria and of Esquimalt
Designated in 1958; a plaque was dedicated in 1962

Bay Street Drill Hall, Victoria

Fortress style drill hall of the World War I, 1914-1915
Designated in1989; a plaque was dedicated in 1993

Victoria Chinatown, Victoria

Canada’s oldest Chinatown; still stands as a coherent group of historical buildings
Designated in 1995; a plaque was dedicated in 1997

Esquimalt Naval Site, Esquimalt

Historical naval district; noted for its important buildings
Designated in 1995

Kiixin Village and Fortress, Bamfield

Archaeological site of the native village and fortress; site filled with important archaeological vestiges
Designated in 1998; a plaque was dedicated in 2002

Society and Community Heritage
Begbie Hall, Victoria

Nurses’ residences; an important part of the nursing culture
Designated in 1997; a plaque was dedicated in 2003

Craigflower School , Victoria

The oldest school on the west coast; built in 1854-1855
Designated in 1964; a plaque was dedicated in 1986

Haida Gwai (Queen Charlotte Islands)

Canada’s First Inhabitants
Nan Sdins, National Park Reserve of Canada, Gwaii Haanas

Vestiges of Haïda longhouses and totem poles
Designated in 1981

Tanu

Ancien Haïda village, National Park Reserve of Canada, Gwaii Haanas
Designated in 1972

New Gold Harbour Village, Haina

Site of a Haïda village
Designated in 1972

Kiusta Village, Kiusta

Ancient Haïda village
Designated in 1972

 

Nootka Island

Cultural Heritage
Site of the Whaler’s Sanctuary, Yuquot

Site where native rituals were performed; the sanctuary has been removed Designated in 1983

Yuquot, Friendly Cove

Site of a Spanish establishment (1789-1795)
Designated in 1923; a plaque was dedicated in 1924/2002

 

Triple Island

Economic Heritage
Triple Island Lighthouse

Remarkable concrete lighthouse built in on isolated island (1920)
Designated in 1974; a plaque was dedicated in 1990