Paper Published in Environmental Research: Climate

Title: Reporting evidence on the environmental and health impacts of climate change on Indigenous Peoples of Atlantic Canada: a systematic review

Journal: Environmental Research: Climate

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/2752-5295/accb01

Abstract: While evidence of Indigenous Peoples’ climate knowledge and adaptation practices is readily available in Canada, regional variations are poorly understood, and proper representation and recognition in academic and planning contexts is scarce. Much less still is known about the health and environmental impacts of climate change on these communities. This review sought to report and assess the evidence of such impacts on Indigenous Peoples in Atlantic Canada over the past two decades. Current published studies focused on Indigenous Peoples’ knowledge and perceptions and highlight government policy for adaptation measurements. We systematically searched publications between January 2002 and March 2022 from the Web of Science, PubMed, Google Scholar, and Science Direct databases, screening for (1) environmental and (2) health impacts of climate change on Indigenous Peoples. Fifty-six articles were selected and thoroughly reviewed using the GRADE approach to assess the quality of the evidence. The quality of evidence ranged from low to moderate, and the evidentiary foundation for links between climate change and health effects was weak. We thus find an opportunity for future research to focus on climate-related effects on the health and lands of Indigenous Peoples within Atlantic Canada, especially concerning impacts on mental health.

Paper Accepted by Earth’s Future

The following paper about the climate extremes in China in the context of global warming has been recently accepted for publication by Earth’s Future.

Guo, J., X. Wang, Y. Fan, X. Liang, H. Jia, and L. Liu. How extreme events in China would be affected by global warming – insights from a bias-corrected CMIP6 ensemble. Earth’s Future, accepted on March 13, 2023.

More details will come soon once the paper is published.

Paper Published in Foods

Title: Assessing Future Climate Change Impacts on Potato Yields—A Case Study for Prince Edward Island, Canada

Journal: Foods

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/foods12061176

Abstract: Crop yields are adversely affected by climate change; therefore, it is crucial to develop climate adaptation strategies to mitigate the impacts of increasing climate variability on the agriculture system to ensure food security. As one of the largest potato-producing provinces in Canada, Prince Edward Island (PEI) has recently experienced significant instability in potato production. PEI’s local farmers and stakeholders are extremely concerned about the prospects for the future of potato farming industries in the context of climate change. This study aims to use the Decision Support System for Agrotechnology Transfer (DSSAT) potato model to simulate future potato yields under the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 6 (CMIP6) climate scenarios (including SSP1–1.9, SSP1–2.6, SSP2–4.5, SSP3–7.0, and SSP5–8.5). The study evaluates the combined effects of changing climatic conditions at local scales (i.e., warming temperature and changing precipitation patterns) and increasing carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration in the atmosphere. The results indicate future significant declines in potato yield in PEI under the current farming practices. In particular, under the high-emission scenarios (e.g., SSP3–7.0 and SSP5–8.5), the potato yield in PEI would decline by 48% and 60% in the 2070s and by 63% and 80% by 2090s; even under the low-emission scenarios (i.e., SSP1–1.9 and SSP1–2.6), the potato yield in PEI would still decline by 6–10%. This implies that it is important to develop effective climate adaptation measures (e.g., adjusting farming practices and introducing supplemental irrigation plans) to ensure the long-term sustainability of potato production in PEI.

Paper Accepted by Foods

The following paper about the future climate change impacts on the potato yields in Prince Edward Island has been recently accepted for publication by Foods.

Adekanmbi, T., X. Wang, S. Basheer, R.A. Nawaz, T. Pang, Y. Hu, and S. Liu. Assessing Future Climate Change Impacts on Potato Yields – A Case Study for Prince Edward Island, Canada. Foods, accepted on March 8, 2023.

More details will come soon once the paper is published.

Paper Accepted by Sustainability

The following paper about the sustainable tourism in PEI has been recently accepted for publication by Sustainability.

Haldane, E., L. MacDonald, N. Kressin, Z. Furlotte, P. Kinay, R. Guild, and X. Wang. Sustainable Tourism and Climate Change: An Overview for Prince Edward
Island, Canada
. Sustainability, accepted on February 27, 2023.

More details will come soon once the paper is published.