Paper Accepted by Remote Sensing

The following paper about the comparison of LULC classification methods has been recently accepted for publication by Remote Sensing.

Basheer, S., X. Wang, A. Farooque, R.A. Nawaz, K. Liu, T. Adekanmbi, and S. Liu. Comparison of Land Use Land Cover Classifiers Using Different
Satellite Imagery and Machine Learning Techniques
. Remote Sensing, accepted on October 3, 2022.

More details will come soon once the paper is published.

Paper Published in Journal of Hydrometeorology

Title: A mixed-level factorial inference approach for ensemble long-term hydrological projections over the Jing River Basin

Journal: Journal of Hydrometeorology


Abstract: Long-term hydrological projections can vary substantially depending on the combination of meteorological forcing dataset, hydrologic model, emissions scenario, and natural climate variability. Identifying dominant sources of model spread in an ensemble of hydrologic projections is critically important for developing reliable hydrological projections in support of flooding risk assessment and water resources management; however, it is not well understood due to the multifactor and multi-scale complexities involved in the long-term hydrological projections. Therefore, a stepwise clustered Bayesian (SCB) ensemble method will be first developed to improve the performance of long-term hydrological projections. Meanwhile, a mixed-level factorial inference (MLFI) approach is employed to estimate multiple uncertainties in hydrological projections over the Jing River Basin (JRB). MLFI is able to reveal the main and interactive effects of the anthropogenic emission and model choices on the SCB ensemble projections. The results suggest that the daily maximum temperature under RCP8.5 in the 2050s and 2080s is expected to respectively increase by 3.2 °C and 5.2 °C, which are much higher than the increases under RCP4.5. The maximum increase of the CARM-projected changes in streamflow for the 2050s and 2080s under RCP4.5 is 0.30 and 0.59 × 103 m3/s in November, respectively. In addition, in a multimodel GCM-RCM-HM ensemble, hydroclimate is found to be most sensitive to the choice of GCM. Moreover, it is revealed that the percentage of contribution of anthropogenic emissions to the changes in monthly precipitation is relatively smaller, but it makes a more significant contribution to the total variance of changes in potential evapotranspiration and streamflow.

Paper Published in Geophysical Research Letters

Title: Neglected Spatiotemporal Variations of Model Biases in Ensemble-Based Climate Projections

Journal: Geophysical Research Letters


Abstract: The Bayesian model averaging (BMA) method has been widely used for generating probabilistic climate projections. However, the averaging weights used in BMA can only reflect the spatially- and temporally-averaged performance of each ensemble member, without the ability to address the spatiotemporal variations of model biases. This can lead to inevitable exaggeration or understatement of the contributions of individual members to the ensemble mean, thus reducing the robustness of the resulting probabilistic projections. Here we propose a new method to help address the neglected spatiotemporal variations of model biases. Through the proposed method, the BMA weights are used as prior distributions to drive the Bayesian discriminant analysis in order to generate refined weights for individual ensemble models according to their spatially- and temporally-clustered performance. Through applying the proposed method to Canada, we demonstrate its effectiveness in generating robust probabilistic climate projections (e.g., the average R2 increases from 0.82 to 0.89).

Paper Published in Resources, Conservation and Recycling

Title: Solar photovoltaics can help China fulfill a net-zero electricity system by 2050 even facing climate change risks

Journal: Resources, Conservation and Recycling


Abstract: As China has pledged to become carbon neutral by 2060, electrifying its energy sector is no doubt one of the priority measures to support the transition towards a more sustainable and decarbonized energy system. Solar photovoltaics (PV) has been known as one of the most promising renewable technologies to facilitate the electrification of energy systems. The feasibility of utilizing PV to implement a nationwide decarbonized electricity system now becomes an urgent unanswered question, especially in the context of global climate change and rapid economic growth in China. Here, by using a GIS-based multiple-criteria decision-making approach we address this question by conducting a comprehensive feasibility analysis with consideration of various economic, technological, logistical, and climate change factors. We show that it is feasible for China to fulfill a net-zero electricity system by 2050, through the installation of 7.46 TW solar PV panels on about 1.8% of the national land area (mostly in western China) with a total capital investment of 4.55 trillion USD in the next 30 years. Besides, we show that future climate change may lead to a slight decrease (less than 5%) in solar energy potential, but this would not affect the capability of the nationwide PV system to meet the need for a fully-electrified energy system.

Paper Accepted by Resources, Conservation & Recycling

The following paper about the photovoltaics power generation potentials for China has been recently accepted for publication by Resources, Conservation & Recycling.

Ji, L., Y. Wu, X. Zhao, L. Sun, X. Wang, Y. Xie, J. Guo, G. Huang, and J. Pan. Photovoltaics Can Help China Fulfill A Net-Zero Electricity System by 2050. Resources, Conservation & Recycling, accepted on August 4, 2022.

More details will come soon once the paper is published.